Dealing with Head Lice: What You Should Know

Head lice, those pesky wingless insects that reside on our scalps, are a universal nuisance. They’re equal-opportunity parasites, affecting people of all ages, genders, and ethnic backgrounds. 

While they’re not harmful to your health, the itching and discomfort they cause can be a real annoyance. In this article, we’ll look into the world of head lice, exploring their symptoms, lice treatment options, prevention strategies, and more.

Symptoms of Head Lice

The telltale sign of a head lice infestation is the constant itching of your scalp. Additionally, you might spot tiny, white, and oval-shaped nits (lice eggs) clinging to your hair shafts. Nits are often mistaken for dandruff, but they are notoriously stubborn and challenging to remove from your hair.

Treating Head Lice

When it comes to tackling head lice, there are two primary categories of treatment: over-the-counter (OTC) medications and prescription medications. OTC medications are readily available at most pharmacies, while prescription medications require a doctor’s prescription.

OTC treatments typically contain active ingredients like permethrin or pyrethrin, dimethicone or cyclomethicone, and other natural ingredients that effectively kill adult lice and nits. 

On the other hand, prescription medications contain substances that are generally more potent in eliminating head lice and are especially useful for heavy infestations. Consult a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment.

How to Properly Apply Head Lice Medication

Carefully apply the treatment to all areas of the scalp, including the often-overlooked spots behind the ears and at the back of the neck. You may need to reapply the medication after a week to target any newly hatched lice from surviving nits. It is important to always read the label and follow the directions for use.

Additional Measures to Combat Head Lice

In addition to using head lice medication, here are some additional steps you can take

  • Hot Laundry: Wash all bedding and clothing in hot water (at least 130 degrees Fahrenheit) and dry them on high heat. This will help eliminate lice or nits that may have migrated onto your fabrics.
  • Household Cleanup: Vacuum your furniture and carpets thoroughly.
  • Hair Accessories: Soak combs, brushes, and other hair accessories in hot water for at least 10 minutes to ensure they’re free from lice.

Preventing Head Lice

While there’s no foolproof method to prevent head lice entirely, you can reduce your risk by following these precautions:

  • Limit Close Contact: Avoid direct head-to-head contact with other individuals, especially in situations where lice may be more prevalent, such as school or daycare.
  • Personal Items: Never share combs, brushes, hats, or other hair-related items with others to minimise the chances of lice transmission.
  • Regular Checks: Make it a habit to inspect your hair and your family’s hair regularly for signs of lice or nits. Early detection can help contain infestations.


Head lice might be a common nuisance, but they are certainly manageable. If you suspect a head lice infestation in yourself or your child, don’t hesitate to seek professional advice from a doctor, nurse or pharmacist. They will guide you through the most appropriate treatment options, and with diligence and patience, you can bid those tiny intruders adieu. Remember, it’s all about maintaining good hygiene and taking prompt action to keep your scalp lice-free.

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